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Review

One-Dimensional (1D) Nanostructured Materials for Energy Applications

1
Arecibo Observatory, Universidad Ana G. Méndez-Cupey Campus, San Juan, PR 00926, USA
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Nanomaterials Research Group, School of Natural Sciences and Technology, Universidad Ana G. Méndez-Gurabo Campus, Gurabo, PR 00778, USA
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Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
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CRANN and AMBER Research Centers, Trinity College Dublin, D02 Dublin, Ireland
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School of Chemistry, Trinity College Dublin, D02 Dublin, Ireland
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IFToMM-ARoTMM, Bucharest Polytechnic University, RO060042 Bucharest, Romania
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Department of Applied Physics, Autonomous University of Madrid and Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales Nicolas Cabrera, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Agnieszka M. Jastrzębska
Materials 2021, 14(10), 2609; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14102609
Received: 9 April 2021 / Revised: 6 May 2021 / Accepted: 8 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanostructured Materials for Energy Applications)
At present, the world is at the peak of production of traditional fossil fuels. Much of the resources that humanity has been consuming (oil, coal, and natural gas) are coming to an end. The human being faces a future that must necessarily go through a paradigm shift, which includes a progressive movement towards increasingly less polluting and energetically viable resources. In this sense, nanotechnology has a transcendental role in this change. For decades, new materials capable of being used in energy processes have been synthesized, which undoubtedly will be the cornerstone of the future development of the planet. In this review, we report on the current progress in the synthesis and use of one-dimensional (1D) nanostructured materials (specifically nanowires, nanofibers, nanotubes, and nanorods), with compositions based on oxides, nitrides, or metals, for applications related to energy. Due to its extraordinary surface–volume relationship, tunable thermal and transport properties, and its high surface area, these 1D nanostructures have become fundamental elements for the development of energy processes. The most relevant 1D nanomaterials, their different synthesis procedures, and useful methods for assembling 1D nanostructures in functional devices will be presented. Applications in relevant topics such as optoelectronic and photochemical devices, hydrogen production, or energy storage, among others, will be discussed. The present review concludes with a forecast on the directions towards which future research could be directed on this class of nanostructured materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: 1-D nanomaterials; nanotubes; nanofibers; nanowires; nanorods; hydrogen production; batteries; supercapacitors; photochemical cells; energy 1-D nanomaterials; nanotubes; nanofibers; nanowires; nanorods; hydrogen production; batteries; supercapacitors; photochemical cells; energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Machín, A.; Fontánez, K.; Arango, J.C.; Ortiz, D.; De León, J.; Pinilla, S.; Nicolosi, V.; Petrescu, F.I.; Morant, C.; Márquez, F. One-Dimensional (1D) Nanostructured Materials for Energy Applications. Materials 2021, 14, 2609. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14102609

AMA Style

Machín A, Fontánez K, Arango JC, Ortiz D, De León J, Pinilla S, Nicolosi V, Petrescu FI, Morant C, Márquez F. One-Dimensional (1D) Nanostructured Materials for Energy Applications. Materials. 2021; 14(10):2609. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14102609

Chicago/Turabian Style

Machín, Abniel, Kenneth Fontánez, Juan C. Arango, Dayna Ortiz, Jimmy De León, Sergio Pinilla, Valeria Nicolosi, Florian I. Petrescu, Carmen Morant, and Francisco Márquez. 2021. "One-Dimensional (1D) Nanostructured Materials for Energy Applications" Materials 14, no. 10: 2609. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14102609

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