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Foundation Piles—A New Feature for Concrete 3D Printers

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Piastów 19, 70-310 Szczecin, Poland
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Piastów 50a, 70-311 Szczecin, Poland
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Arnaud Perrot
Materials 2021, 14(10), 2545;
Received: 1 March 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 6 May 2021 / Published: 13 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Concrete 3D Printing and Digitally-Aided Fabrication (Second Volume))
Foundation piles that are made by concrete 3D printers constitute a new alternative way of founding buildings constructed using incremental technology. We are currently observing very rapid development of incremental technology for the construction industry. The systems that are used for 3D printing with the application of construction materials make it possible to form permanent formwork for strip foundations, construct load-bearing walls and partition walls, and prefabricate elements, such as stairs, lintels, and ceilings. 3D printing systems do not offer soil reinforcement by making piles. The paper presents the possibility of making concrete foundation piles in laboratory conditions using a concrete 3D printer. The paper shows the tools and procedure for pile pumping. An experiment for measuring pile bearing capacity is described and an example of a pile deployment model under a foundation is described. The results of the tests and analytical calculations have shown that the displacement piles demonstrate less settlement when compared to the analysed shallow foundation. The authors indicate that it is possible to replace the shallow foundation with a series of piles combined with a printed wall without locally widening it. This type of foundation can be used for the foundation of low-rise buildings, such as detached houses. Estimated calculations have shown that the possibility of making foundation piles by a 3D printer will reduce the cost of making foundations by shortening the time of execution of works and reducing the consumption of construction materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: concrete 3D printing; additive manufacturing; foundation piles; robotic fabrication concrete 3D printing; additive manufacturing; foundation piles; robotic fabrication
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hoffmann, M.; Żarkiewicz, K.; Zieliński, A.; Skibicki, S.; Marchewka, Ł. Foundation Piles—A New Feature for Concrete 3D Printers. Materials 2021, 14, 2545.

AMA Style

Hoffmann M, Żarkiewicz K, Zieliński A, Skibicki S, Marchewka Ł. Foundation Piles—A New Feature for Concrete 3D Printers. Materials. 2021; 14(10):2545.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hoffmann, Marcin, Krzysztof Żarkiewicz, Adam Zieliński, Szymon Skibicki, and Łukasz Marchewka. 2021. "Foundation Piles—A New Feature for Concrete 3D Printers" Materials 14, no. 10: 2545.

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