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Open AccessArticle

Interaction of Different Charged Polymers with Potassium Ions and Their Effect on the Yield Stress of Highly Concentrated Glass Bead Suspensions

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Technische Universität Berlin, 13355 Berlin, Germany
2
Department of Physics, Technische Universität, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany
3
Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und-prüfung (BAM), 12205 Berlin, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(7), 1490; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13071490 (registering DOI)
Received: 16 February 2020 / Revised: 21 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rheology of Reactive, Multiscale, Multiphase Construction Materials)
The interaction of different charged polymers, namely anionic polycarboxylate superplasticizer (PCE) and neutral polyethylene glycol (PEG) with potassium ions, and their effect on the yield stress of highly concentrated glass bead suspension (GBS), were studied under different concentrations of potassium ions ([K+]). It was found that, compared to the neutral PEG, the negatively charged PCE can be adsorbed on glass beads (GB), and then decreases the yield stress of GBS. The increasing concentration of free polymer in the interstitial liquid phase with the increased polymer dosage leads to the higher yield stress of GBS, which may be caused by the higher depletion force. In addition, this effect is also related to the charge density of the polymer and the [K+] in the solution. Along with the increase in [K+], the yield stress of GBS increases significantly with the addition of PCE, but this cannot be observed with PEG, which indicates that potassium ions can interact with negatively charged PCE instead of the neutral PEG. At last, the interparticle forces between two single GB with adsorbed PCE in solutions containing [K+] and PCE were measured by colloidal probe atomic force microscopy to better understand the interaction of the charged polymer with counterions. View Full-Text
Keywords: yield stress; free polymer; charge density; depletion force; potassium ions yield stress; free polymer; charge density; depletion force; potassium ions
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Lu, Z.; Becker, S.; Leinitz, S.; Schmidt, W.; von Klitzing, R.; Stephan, D. Interaction of Different Charged Polymers with Potassium Ions and Their Effect on the Yield Stress of Highly Concentrated Glass Bead Suspensions. Materials 2020, 13, 1490.

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