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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Selective Laser Melting Technological Parameters on the Mechanical Properties of Additively Manufactured Elements Using 316L Austenitic Steel

1
Military University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Robots & Machine Design, 2 Gen. S. Kaliskiego Street, 00-908 Warsaw 49, Poland
2
Military University of Technology, Faculty of Mechatronics and Aviation, Institute of Armament Technology, 2 Gen. S. Kaliskiego Street, 00-908 Warsaw 49, Poland
3
Military University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Vehicles & Transportation, 2 Gen. S. Kaliskiego Street, 00-908 Warsaw 49, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(6), 1449; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13061449
Received: 28 February 2020 / Revised: 19 March 2020 / Accepted: 20 March 2020 / Published: 22 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Material Analysis of Additively Manufactured Metals)
The main aim of this study was to investigate the influence of different energy density values used for the additively manufactured elements using selective laser melting (SLM).The group of process parameters considered was selected from the first-stage parameters identified in preliminary research. Samples manufactured using three different sets of parameter values were subjected to static tensile and compression tests. The samples were also subjected to dynamic Split–Hopkinson tests. To verify the microstructural changes after the dynamic tests, microstructural analyses were conducted. Additionally, the element deformation during the tensile tests was analyzed using digital image correlation (DIC). To analyze the influence of the selected parameters and verify the layered structure of the manufactured elements, sclerometer scratch hardness tests were carried out on each sample. Based on the research results, it was possible to observe the porosity growth mechanism and its influence on the material strength (including static and dynamic tests). Parameters modifications that caused 20% lower energy density, as well as elongation of the elements during tensile testing, decreased twice, which was strictly connected with porosity growth. An increase of energy density, by almost three times, caused a significant reduction of force fluctuations differences between both tested surfaces (parallel and perpendicular to the building platform) during sclerometer hardness testing. That kind of phenomenon had been taken into account in the microstructure investigations before and after dynamic testing, where it had been spotted as a positive impact on material deformations based on fused material formation after SLM processing. View Full-Text
Keywords: 316L austenitic steel; selective laser melting; powder bed fusion; technological parameters; mechanical property characterization 316L austenitic steel; selective laser melting; powder bed fusion; technological parameters; mechanical property characterization
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Kluczyński, J.; Śnieżek, L.; Grzelak, K.; Janiszewski, J.; Płatek, P.; Torzewski, J.; Szachogłuchowicz, I.; Gocman, K. Influence of Selective Laser Melting Technological Parameters on the Mechanical Properties of Additively Manufactured Elements Using 316L Austenitic Steel. Materials 2020, 13, 1449.

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