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Strengthening Behavior of Cemented Paste Backfill Using Alkali-Activated Slag Binders and Bottom Ash Based on the Response Surface Method

School of Civil Engineering, Liaoning Technical University, Fuxin 123000, China
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Materials 2020, 13(4), 855; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13040855 (registering DOI)
Received: 14 January 2020 / Revised: 30 January 2020 / Accepted: 11 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Construction and Building Materials)
A new type of cemented paste backfill (CPB) was prepared by using the bottom ash (BA) from a thermal power plant as an aggregate, alkali-activated slag as a binder, and an air-entraining agent as an admixture. Based on the central composite design (CCD) response surface method, the mix ratio was optimized, and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) was performed on the optimal mix ratio. ImageJ software was utilized to determine the porosity of the experimental samples at various curing ages. The results indicate that the optimal mix ratio of the aggregate-binder ratio is 3.28, the alkali dosage is 3%, the solid content is 67.44%, and the air-entraining agent dosage is 0.1%. As the curing age increases, the porosity of CPB gradually decreases. A calcium aluminosilicate hydrate (C-A-S-H) gel is the main hydration product of alkali-activated slag. At the beginning of the hydration reaction, the slag gradually dissolves, and the C-A-S-H product binds the BA together. At 14 d, complete calcium hydroxide (CH) crystals appeared in the hydration product. Finally, the degree of C-A-S-H crystallization increased further to form a dense structure. View Full-Text
Keywords: bottom ash; alkali-activated slag; response surface method; optimization; microstructure bottom ash; alkali-activated slag; response surface method; optimization; microstructure
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Sun, Q.; Wei, X.; Li, T.; Zhang, L. Strengthening Behavior of Cemented Paste Backfill Using Alkali-Activated Slag Binders and Bottom Ash Based on the Response Surface Method. Materials 2020, 13, 855.

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