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Open AccessReview

“Outsourcing” Diatoms in Fabrication of Metal-Doped 3D Biosilica

1
Institute of Marine and Environmental Sciences, University of Szczecin, Mickiewicza 16, 70-383 Szczecin, Poland
2
Department of Environmental Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 7 Gagarina Str., 87-100 Toruń, Poland
3
Centre for Modern Interdisciplinary Technologies, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Wilenska 4, 87-100 Torun, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(11), 2576; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13112576
Received: 19 May 2020 / Revised: 1 June 2020 / Accepted: 3 June 2020 / Published: 5 June 2020
Diatoms have an ability that is unique among the unicellular photoautotrophic organisms to synthesize an intricately ornamented siliceous (biosilica) exoskeleton with an ordered, hierarchical, three-dimensional structure on a micro- to nanoscale. The unique morphological, structural, mechanical, transport, photonic, and optoelectronic properties of diatomaceous biosilica make it a desirable material for modern technologies. This review presents a summary and discussion of published research on the metabolic insertion of chemical elements with specific functional activity into diatomaceous biosilica. Included in the review is research on innovation in methods of synthesis of a new generation of functional siliceous materials, where the synthesis process is “outsourced” to intelligent microorganisms, referred to here as microtechnologists, by providing them with appropriate conditions and reagents. View Full-Text
Keywords: diatoms; diatomaceous biosilica; metal doping; metabolic inserting diatoms; diatomaceous biosilica; metal doping; metabolic inserting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brzozowska, W.; Sprynskyy, M.; Wojtczak, I.; Dąbek, P.; Witkowski, A.; Buszewski, B. “Outsourcing” Diatoms in Fabrication of Metal-Doped 3D Biosilica. Materials 2020, 13, 2576. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13112576

AMA Style

Brzozowska W, Sprynskyy M, Wojtczak I, Dąbek P, Witkowski A, Buszewski B. “Outsourcing” Diatoms in Fabrication of Metal-Doped 3D Biosilica. Materials. 2020; 13(11):2576. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13112576

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brzozowska, Weronika; Sprynskyy, Myroslav; Wojtczak, Izabela; Dąbek, Przemysław; Witkowski, Andrzej; Buszewski, Bogusław. 2020. "“Outsourcing” Diatoms in Fabrication of Metal-Doped 3D Biosilica" Materials 13, no. 11: 2576. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13112576

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