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Influence of Randomness in Rubber Materials Parameters on the Reliability of Rubber O-Ring Seal

School of Reliability and Systems Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(9), 1566;
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 9 May 2019 / Published: 13 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
PDF [2957 KB, uploaded 13 May 2019]


The properties of materials directly affect the performance of the sealing structures, among which the rubber O-ring seal is one of the most commonly used. In addition, the performance of the O-ring seal is often influenced by the randomness in structure and working conditions, which greatly reduce the reliability of the sealing structure. This paper proposes a reliability-based method to analyze the influence of the randomness in rubber material parameters on the sealing performance of the O-ring. Based on the failure mechanism of the O-ring seal, the stochastic characteristics of the parameters in O-rings are determined through experiments, and the influences of these parameters on the reliability are subsequently analyzed. Moreover, the working conditions are also taken into account to analyze their influence on the performance and reliability of the O-ring seal. The proposed method provides easy access to estimate the reliability of the rubber O-ring seal considering the uncertainty in structure and operational conditions. It is revealed that the material and geometric parameters had greater influence on the reliability of the rubber O-ring. View Full-Text
Keywords: rubber O-ring seal; reliability; parameter randomness; influence analysis rubber O-ring seal; reliability; parameter randomness; influence analysis

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Liang, B.; Yang, X.; Wang, Z.; Su, X.; Liao, B.; Ren, Y.; Sun, B. Influence of Randomness in Rubber Materials Parameters on the Reliability of Rubber O-Ring Seal. Materials 2019, 12, 1566.

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