Flame-Retardant Mechanism of Layered Double Hydroxides in Asphalt Binder
AbstractThe flame retardancy of asphalt binders with layered double hydroxides (LDHs) was investigated using limiting oxygen index (LOI) and cone calorimeter tests. The flame-retardant mechanism of the LDHs was also studied with thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry (TG–DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The cone calorimeter testing results indicated that 2 wt.% of the LDHs can decease the peak heat and smoke release rate of asphalt binders. Because a low dose of LDHs can be well dispersed in asphalt binder and favor the formation of polyaromatic structures during combustion, the thermal oxidation resistance and compactness of the char layer can be improved. The LOI of asphalt binder can be increased and the heat and smoke release during combustion can be decreased with 25 wt.% LDHs. The decomposition of LDHs can absorb the heat release of the initial two stages of asphalt combustion and reduce the burning rate of asphalt. Due to the loss of loosely bound water in the LDHs during the blending process and the decrease of dispersibility at a high LDH dose, the improvement of thermal stability is limited. View Full-Text
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Zhu, K.; Wang, Y.; Tang, D.; Wang, Q.; Li, H.; Huang, Y.; Huang, Z.; Wu, K. Flame-Retardant Mechanism of Layered Double Hydroxides in Asphalt Binder. Materials 2019, 12, 801.
Zhu K, Wang Y, Tang D, Wang Q, Li H, Huang Y, Huang Z, Wu K. Flame-Retardant Mechanism of Layered Double Hydroxides in Asphalt Binder. Materials. 2019; 12(5):801.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhu, Kai; Wang, Yunhe; Tang, Daquan; Wang, Qiang; Li, Haihang; Huang, Yadong; Huang, Zhiyi; Wu, Ke. 2019. "Flame-Retardant Mechanism of Layered Double Hydroxides in Asphalt Binder." Materials 12, no. 5: 801.
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