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Article

Damage Mechanism of Cu6Sn5 Intermetallics Due to Cyclic Polymorphic Transitions

by 1,2,*, 1,2, 3,* and 1
1
Shenzhen Research Institute of Xiamen University, Shenzhen 518055, China
2
Fujian Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
3
School of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Xiamen City University, Xiamen 361005, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(24), 4127; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12244127
Received: 14 September 2019 / Revised: 15 November 2019 / Accepted: 19 November 2019 / Published: 10 December 2019
The formation of high-melting-point Cu6Sn5 interconnections is crucial to overcome the collapse of Sn-based micro-bumps and to produce reliable intermetallic interconnections in three-dimensional (3D) packages. However, because of multiple reflows in 3D package manufacturing, Cu6Sn5 interconnections will experience cyclic polymorphic transitions in the solid state. The repeated and abrupt changes in the Cu6Sn5 lattice due to the cyclic polymorphic transitions can cause extreme strain oscillations, producing damage at the surface and in the interior of the Cu6Sn5 matrix. Moreover, because of the polymorphic transition-induced grain splitting and superstructure phase formation, the reliability of Cu6Sn5 interconnections will thus face great challenges in 3D packages. In addition, the Cu6Sn5 polymorphic transition is structure-dependent, and the η′↔η polymorphic transition will occur at the surface while the η′↔ηsη polymorphic transition will occur in the deep matrix. This study can provide in-depth understanding of the structural evolution and damage mechanism of Cu6Sn5 interconnections in real 3D package manufacturing. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cu6Sn5 intermetallic; solid state polymorphic transition; superstructure; transmission electron microscopy; damage mechanism; multiple reflows Cu6Sn5 intermetallic; solid state polymorphic transition; superstructure; transmission electron microscopy; damage mechanism; multiple reflows
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Z.; Wei, C.; Cao, H.; Zhang, Y. Damage Mechanism of Cu6Sn5 Intermetallics Due to Cyclic Polymorphic Transitions. Materials 2019, 12, 4127. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12244127

AMA Style

Zhang Z, Wei C, Cao H, Zhang Y. Damage Mechanism of Cu6Sn5 Intermetallics Due to Cyclic Polymorphic Transitions. Materials. 2019; 12(24):4127. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12244127

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Zhihao, Cunwei Wei, Huijun Cao, and Ye Zhang. 2019. "Damage Mechanism of Cu6Sn5 Intermetallics Due to Cyclic Polymorphic Transitions" Materials 12, no. 24: 4127. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12244127

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