An ultrathin tunable absorber for the ultrahigh frequency (UHF) band is presented in this paper. The absorber is a single-layer structure based on the topology of a Salisbury screen, in which the conventional resistive layer is replaced by an active frequency-selective surface (AFSS) loaded with resistors and varactors. The reflectivity response of the absorber can be controlled by adjusting the reverse bias voltage for the varactors, which is verified by both simulated and measured results. The experimental results show that the reflectivity response of the absorber can be modulated below −10 dB over a frequency band ranging from 415 to 822 MHz. The total thickness of the absorber, 10 mm, is equivalent to only λ
/72 of the lower limit frequency. The absorbing mechanism for the designed absorber is illustrated by simulating the volume loss density distributions. A detailed analysis is also carried out on the basis of these parameters, such as the AFSS shape, resistor, thickness of the foam, thickness and permittivity of the dielectric substrate, and incident angles, which contribute to the reflectivity of the AFSS absorber.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited