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Research on the Energy Release Characteristics of Six Kinds of Reactive Materials

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
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Materials 2019, 12(23), 3940; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12233940
Received: 5 November 2019 / Revised: 23 November 2019 / Accepted: 24 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
Currently, PTFE/Al is widely used in the reactive fragmentation warhead. However, for the same explosive yield, the reactive fragments usually have a smaller damage-radius than the inert fragments because PTFE/Al has a poor penetration ability and needs an impact-speed up to 1000 m/s to stimulate its chemical reaction. To enhance the damage power of reactive fragments, six kinds of reactive materials (PTFE/Al, PTFE/B, PTFE/Si, PTFE/Al/B, PTFE/Al/Si, and PTFE/Al/CuO) based on PTFE were designed and studied. Through the drop weight system and the self-designed energy release test device, qualitative and quantitative analysis of the energy release ability of six kinds of reactive materials were carried out. The qualitative analysis results indicate that the reactions of PTFE/B and PTFE/Si are weak under the impact of drop hammer with only a very weak fire light produced, while the reactions of PTFE/Al, PTFE/Al/B, PTFE/Al/Si, and PTFE/Al/CuO are relatively intense, and the reaction of PTFE/Al/Si is the most intense. Through the self-designed energy release test device, the energy release ability of the reactive material was quantitatively compared and analyzed. The results show that the energy release ability of the four formulations were as follows: PTFE/Al/Si > PTFE/Al/CuO > PTFE/Al/B > PTFE/Al. Therefore, it can be concluded that the PTFE/Al/Si formulation is a new reactive material with strong energy release ability, which can be a new choice for reactive fragment. View Full-Text
Keywords: reactive material; PTFE; energy release characteristics; drop hammer; quasi-closed container reactive material; PTFE; energy release characteristics; drop hammer; quasi-closed container
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Ran, X.; Ding, L.; Zhou, J.; Tang, W. Research on the Energy Release Characteristics of Six Kinds of Reactive Materials. Materials 2019, 12, 3940.

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