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Open AccessArticle

Antibacterial Performance of a Mussel-Inspired Polydopamine-Treated Ag/Graphene Nanocomposite Material

State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China
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Materials 2019, 12(20), 3360; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12203360
Received: 22 August 2019 / Revised: 4 October 2019 / Accepted: 12 October 2019 / Published: 15 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Nanomaterials)
Graphene-based nanocomposites have attracted tremendous attention in recent years. In this study, a facile yet effective approach was developed to synthesize reduced graphene oxide and an Ag–graphene nanocomposite. The basic strategy involved in the preparation of reduced graphene oxide includes reducing graphene oxide with dopamine, followed by in situ syntheses of the Ag-PDA-reducing graphene oxide (RGO) nanocomposite through adding AgNO3 solution and a small amount of dopamine. The nanocomposite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), FTIR spectra, Raman spectra, ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), results indicated that a uniform PDA film is formed on the surface of the GO and GO is successfully reduced. Besides, the in situ synthesized Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) were evenly distributed on the RGO surface. To investigate antibacterial properties Ag-PDA-RGO, different dosages were selected for evaluating the antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli. The Ag-PDA-RGO nanocomposites displayed excellent antibacterial property. The antibacterial ratio reached 99.9% against S. aureus and 90.9% against E. coli when the dosage of 100 mg/L Ag-PDA-RGO nanocomposites was 100 μL. The novel Ag-PDA-RGO nanocomposite prepared by a facile yet effective, environmentally friendly, and low-cost method holds great promise in a wide range of modern biomedical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibacterial; GO; dopamine; Ag; nanocomposite antibacterial; GO; dopamine; Ag; nanocomposite
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liao, J.; He, S.; Guo, S.; Luan, P.; Mo, L.; Li, J. Antibacterial Performance of a Mussel-Inspired Polydopamine-Treated Ag/Graphene Nanocomposite Material. Materials 2019, 12, 3360.

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