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Materials 2019, 12(2), 206;

Crystallization Products and Structural Characterization of CaO-SiO2-Based Mold Fluxes with Varying Al2O3/SiO2 Ratios

College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
Chongqing Key Laboratory of Vanadium-Titanium Metallurgical and New Materials, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 December 2018 / Revised: 28 December 2018 / Accepted: 2 January 2019 / Published: 9 January 2019
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During the casting of high aluminum steel, the dramatic increase in the Al2O3/SiO2 ratio is inevitable, resulting in significant changes of the crystallization behavior, which would result in heat transfer and lubrication problems. Crystallization products and structure characterization of glassy CaO-SiO2-based mold fluxes with different Al2O3/SiO2 ratios were experimentally investigated using a differential scanning calorimetry technique and Raman spectroscopy. With increasing Al2O3/SiO2 ratios, the following results were obtained. The crystallization temperature and the crystallization products are changed. With increasing Al2O3/SiO2 ratios from 0.088 to 0.151, the crystallization temperature first increases greatly from 1152 °C to 1354 °C, and then moderately increases. The crystallization ability of the mold flux is strengthened. The species of the precipitated crystalline phase change from two kinds, i.e., Ca4Si2O7F2 and Ca2SiO4, to four kinds, i.e., Ca4Si2O7F2, Ca2SiO4, 2CaO·Al2O3·SiO2 and Ca12Al14O32F2, the crystallization ability of Ca4Si2O7F2 is gradually attenuated, but other species show the opposite trend. The results of Raman spectroscopy indicate that Al3+ mainly acts as a network former by the information of [AlO4]-tetrahedral structural units, which can connect with [SiO4]-tetrahedral by the formation of new bridge oxygen of Al–O–Si linkage, but there is no formation of Al–O–Al linkage. The linkage of Al–O–Si increases and that of Si–O–Si decreases. The polymerization degree of the network and the average number of bridging oxygens decrease. Further, the relatively strong Si–O–Si linkage gradually decreases and the relatively weak Al–O–Si gradually increases. The change of the crystalline phase was interpreted from the phase diagram and structure. View Full-Text
Keywords: crystallization products; structure; Al2O3/SiO2 ratio; mold flux crystallization products; structure; Al2O3/SiO2 ratio; mold flux

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Gao, Y.; Leng, M.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Z.; Li, J. Crystallization Products and Structural Characterization of CaO-SiO2-Based Mold Fluxes with Varying Al2O3/SiO2 Ratios. Materials 2019, 12, 206.

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