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Review

Nanosilicon-Based Composites for (Bio)sensing Applications: Current Status, Advantages, and Perspectives

NanoBioMedical Centre, Adam Mickiewicz University, 3, Wszechnicy Piastowskiej Str., 61-614 Poznan, Poland
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Materials 2019, 12(18), 2880; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12182880
Received: 12 August 2019 / Revised: 2 September 2019 / Accepted: 3 September 2019 / Published: 6 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multifunctional Nanostructured Silicon Composites)
This review highlights the application of different types of nanosilicon (nano-Si) materials and nano-Si-based composites for (bio)sensing applications. Different detection approaches and (bio)functionalization protocols were found for certain types of transducers suitable for the detection of biological compounds and gas molecules. The importance of the immobilization process that is responsible for biosensor performance (biomolecule adsorption, surface properties, surface functionalization, etc.) along with the interaction mechanism between biomolecules and nano-Si are disclosed. Current trends in the fabrication of nano-Si-based composites, basic gas detection mechanisms, and the advantages of nano-Si/metal nanoparticles for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)-based detection are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: silicon; nanomaterials; (bio)sensors; nanocomposites silicon; nanomaterials; (bio)sensors; nanocomposites
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MDPI and ACS Style

Myndrul, V.; Iatsunskyi, I. Nanosilicon-Based Composites for (Bio)sensing Applications: Current Status, Advantages, and Perspectives. Materials 2019, 12, 2880. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12182880

AMA Style

Myndrul V, Iatsunskyi I. Nanosilicon-Based Composites for (Bio)sensing Applications: Current Status, Advantages, and Perspectives. Materials. 2019; 12(18):2880. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12182880

Chicago/Turabian Style

Myndrul, Valerii, and Igor Iatsunskyi. 2019. "Nanosilicon-Based Composites for (Bio)sensing Applications: Current Status, Advantages, and Perspectives" Materials 12, no. 18: 2880. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12182880

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