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A Study of the Effects of Doxorubicin-Containing Liposomes on Osteogenesis of 3D Stem Cell Spheroids Derived from Gingiva

1
Department of Periodontics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea
2
Department of Medical Life Sciences and Department of Biomedicine & Health Sciences, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally.
Materials 2019, 12(17), 2693; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12172693
Received: 28 July 2019 / Revised: 14 August 2019 / Accepted: 20 August 2019 / Published: 23 August 2019
The objective of the present investigation is to determine the effects of neutral, anionic, and cationic liposomes loaded with doxorubicin with thin-lipid-film-hydration method on the cellular viability and osteogenesis of stem cell spheroids. Spheroid formation and morphology of the three-dimensional spheroid were noted with an inverted microscope. Quantitative cellular viability was assessed using a commercially available kit. Osteogenic potential was evaluated by applying alkaline phosphatase activity and anthraquinone dye of Alizarin Red S. Western blot analysis was performed using collagen I expression. Spheroids were formed in each silicon elastomer-based concave microwell on Day 1. Noticeable changes of the spheroid were seen with a higher concentration of doxorubicin, especially in the cationic liposome group at Days 5 and 7. We found that the application of doxorubicin for 5 days significantly reduced the cellular viability. A higher concentration of doxorubicin produced a significant decrease in alkaline phosphatase activity. Alizarin Red S staining showed that extracellular calcium deposits were evenly noted in each group. An increase of calcium deposits was noted on Day 14 when compared to Day 7. The morphology of the groups with higher concentrations of doxorubicin showed to be more dispersed. We noticed that doxorubicin-loaded cationic liposomes resulted in the highest uptake of the examined cell spheroids and that doxorubicin-loaded liposomes affected the osteogenic differentiation. The implication of this study is that the type of liposome should be selected based on the purpose of the application. View Full-Text
Keywords: cell differentiation; cellular spheroids; doxorubicin; gingiva; stem cells cell differentiation; cellular spheroids; doxorubicin; gingiva; stem cells
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Lee, H.; Son, J.; Min, S.K.; Na, C.-B.; Yi, G.; Koo, H.; Park, J.-B. A Study of the Effects of Doxorubicin-Containing Liposomes on Osteogenesis of 3D Stem Cell Spheroids Derived from Gingiva. Materials 2019, 12, 2693.

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