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Open AccessArticle

Fatigue Life Estimation for Suspenders of a Three-Pylon Suspension Bridge Based on Vehicle–Bridge-Interaction Analysis

College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
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Materials 2019, 12(16), 2617; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12162617
Received: 30 July 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 14 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
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Abstract

Fatigue damage of suspenders is a main concern during the life-cycle maintenance of arch bridges and suspension bridges. This paper presents a practical framework for estimating the fatigue life of suspenders under repeated traffic loads by taking a three-pylon suspension bridge as an example. First, the basic theory of vehicle–bridge interaction (VBI) is introduced and a finite element model of the bridge structure is established. Second, the fatigue load spectrum is defined in detail based on the analysis of WIM (weigh-in-motion) data. And then, parametric analysis is carried out to clarify the influence of road roughness, vehicle speed, and driving lanes. Among which, the time-dependent stress laws are simulated according to the defined fatigue load spectrum and the stress range is counted through the Rain flow counting method. At last, the fatigue life of uncorroded suspenders and naturally corroded suspenders is estimated by an S–N curve and Miner cumulative damage criterion. Results reveal that the fatigue life of suspenders is more than 100 years if no corrosion happens, while less than 20 years for short suspenders considering the influence of natural corrosion. View Full-Text
Keywords: fatigue life; suspenders; vehicle–bridge-interaction; fatigue load spectrum; rain flow counting method; corrosion fatigue life; suspenders; vehicle–bridge-interaction; fatigue load spectrum; rain flow counting method; corrosion
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Cui, C.; Chen, A.; Ma, R.; Wang, B.; Xu, S. Fatigue Life Estimation for Suspenders of a Three-Pylon Suspension Bridge Based on Vehicle–Bridge-Interaction Analysis. Materials 2019, 12, 2617.

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