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Quasi-Periodic and Fractal Polymers: Energy Structure and Carrier Transfer

Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, GR-15784 Athens, Greece
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Materials 2019, 12(13), 2177; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12132177
Received: 7 June 2019 / Revised: 2 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 6 July 2019
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Abstract

We study the energy structure and the coherent transfer of an extra electron or hole along aperiodic polymers made of N monomers, with fixed boundaries, using B-DNA as our prototype system. We use a Tight-Binding wire model, where a site is a monomer (e.g., in DNA, a base pair). We consider quasi-periodic (Fibonacci, Thue–Morse, Double-Period, Rudin–Shapiro) and fractal (Cantor Set, Asymmetric Cantor Set) polymers made of the same monomer (I polymers) or made of different monomers (D polymers). For all types of such polymers, we calculate the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) eigenspectrum and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) eigenspectrum, the HOMO–LUMO gap and the density of states. We examine the mean over time probability to find the carrier at each monomer, the frequency content of carrier transfer (Fourier spectra, weighted mean frequency of each monomer, total weighted mean frequency of the polymer), and the pure mean transfer rate k. Our results reveal that there is a correspondence between the degree of structural complexity and the transfer properties. I polymers are more favorable for charge transfer than D polymers. We compare k ( N ) of quasi-periodic and fractal sequences with that of periodic sequences (including homopolymers) as well as with randomly shuffled sequences. Finally, we discuss aspects of experimental results on charge transfer rates in DNA with respect to our coherent pure mean transfer rates. View Full-Text
Keywords: aperiodic; quasiperiodic; fractal; energy structure; charge transfer aperiodic; quasiperiodic; fractal; energy structure; charge transfer
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Mantela, M.; Lambropoulos, K.; Theodorakou, M.; Simserides, C. Quasi-Periodic and Fractal Polymers: Energy Structure and Carrier Transfer. Materials 2019, 12, 2177.

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