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Effect of Ce Addition on Modifying the Microstructure and Achieving a High Elongation with a Relatively High Strength of As-Extruded AZ80 Magnesium Alloy

Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials of Ministry of Education & School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanling Campus, Jilin University, No. 5988 Renmin Street, Changchun 130025, China
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Materials 2019, 12(1), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12010076
Received: 4 December 2018 / Revised: 20 December 2018 / Accepted: 21 December 2018 / Published: 26 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
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Abstract

Forming magnesium alloys with rare earth elements (La, Gd, Nd, Y, Ce) is a routine method for modifying their microstructure and properties. In the present work, the effect of Ce addition on the microstructure evolution and the mechanical properties of as-extruded Mg-8Al-0.5Zn (AZ80) alloy was investigated. All of the extruded AZ80-xCe (x = 0, 0.2, 0.8 and 1.4 wt %) alloys exhibited equiaxed grains formed by fully dynamic recrystallization, and the grain size of the extruded AZ80 alloy was remarkably reduced by ~56.7% with the addition of 1.4 wt % Ce. Furthermore, the bulk-shaped Al4Ce phase formed when Ce was first added, with the Ce content rising to 0.8 wt % or higher, and Al4Ce particles in both the nano- and micron sizees were well distributed in the primary α-Mg matrix. The area fraction of the Al4Ce particles expanded with increasing Ce content, providing more nuclei for dynamic recrystallization, which could contribute to the grain refinement. The results of the tensile tests in this study showed that Ce addition effectively improved the room temperature formability of the as-extruded AZ80 alloy, without sacrificing strength. The significantly improved mechanical properties were ascribed to excellent grain refinement, weakened texture strength, an increased Schmid factor, and a reduced area fraction of low-angle grain boundaries, all resulting from Ce addition to the as-extruded AZ80 alloy. The contribution of the nano-Al4Ce precipitates on improving the mechanical properties was also discussed in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: AZ80 magnesium alloy; Ce modification; extrusion; microstructure; elongation; strength AZ80 magnesium alloy; Ce modification; extrusion; microstructure; elongation; strength
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Wang, Z.; Wang, J.-G.; Chen, Z.-Y.; Zha, M.; Wang, C.; Liu, S.; Yan, R.-F. Effect of Ce Addition on Modifying the Microstructure and Achieving a High Elongation with a Relatively High Strength of As-Extruded AZ80 Magnesium Alloy. Materials 2019, 12, 76.

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