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Materials 2019, 12(1), 168;

Investigation of the Potential Use of Calcium Alginate Capsules for Self-Healing in Porous Asphalt Concrete

Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft 2628CN, The Netherlands
Research Enterprise and Innovation, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin D07 EWV4, Ireland
School of Civil Engineering, University College Dublin, Dublin D04 K3H4, Ireland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2018 / Revised: 6 December 2018 / Accepted: 29 December 2018 / Published: 7 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment-Friendly Construction Materials)
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Improving the healing capacity of asphalt is proving to be an effective method to prolong the service life of an asphalt pavement. The calcium alginate capsules encapsulating rejuvenator have been developed and proved to provide successful localized crack healing in asphalt mastic. However, it is not known whether this self-healing asphalt system will improve healing capacity of a full asphalt mix. To this aim, this paper reports on study which investigate effect of the calcium alginate capsules onto self-healing capacity of the porous asphalt mix. X-ray computed tomography (XCT) was used to visualize the distribution of the capsules in porous asphalt. The effect of the capsules on fracture resistance of porous asphalt concrete was studied by semi-circular bending (SCB) tests. A semi-circular bending and healing programme was carried out to evaluate the healing effect of these capsules in porous asphalt concrete. Indirect Tensile Stiffness Modulus (ITSM) tests were employed in order to investigate the influence of the capsules on the stiffness of the porous asphalt concrete. The results indicate that incorporating calcium alginate capsules significantly improve the healing capacity of porous asphalt concrete without compromising its performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-healing; asphalt; rejuvenation; calcium alginate capsules self-healing; asphalt; rejuvenation; calcium alginate capsules

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Xu, S.; Liu, X.; Tabaković, A.; Schlangen, E. Investigation of the Potential Use of Calcium Alginate Capsules for Self-Healing in Porous Asphalt Concrete. Materials 2019, 12, 168.

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