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Materials 2018, 11(9), 1742;

Effect of Ti Transition Layer Thickness on the Structure, Mechanical and Adhesion Properties of Ti-DLC Coatings on Aluminum Alloys

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, China
College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 August 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 12 September 2018 / Published: 16 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thin Film Fabrication and Surface Techniques)
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Multilayers of Ti doped diamond-like carbon (Ti-DLC) coatings were deposited on aluminum alloys by filtered cathodic vacuum arc (FCVA) technology using C2H2 as a reactive gas. The effect of different Ti transition layer thicknesses on the structure, mechanical and adhesion properties of the coatings, was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), nanoindentation and a scratch tester. The results showed that the Ti transition layer could improve interfacial transition between the coating and the substrate, which was beneficial in obtaining excellent adhesion of the coatings. The Ti transition layer thickness had no significant influence on the composition and structure of the coatings, whereas it affected the distortion of the sp2-C bond angle and length. Nanoindentation and scratch test results indicated that the mechanical and adhesion properties of the Ti-DLC coatings depended on the Ti transition layer thickness. The Ti transition layer proved favorable in decreasing the residual compressive stress of the coating. As the Ti transition layer thickness increased, the hardness value of the coating gradually decreased. However, its elastic modulus and adhesion exhibited an initial decrease followed by an increasing fluctuation. Among them, the Ti-DLC coating with a Ti transition layer thickness of 1.1 μm exhibited superior mechanical properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ti-DLC coatings; FCVA; Ti transition layer; Raman; XPS; nanoindentation Ti-DLC coatings; FCVA; Ti transition layer; Raman; XPS; nanoindentation

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Cao, H.; Qi, F.; Ouyang, X.; Zhao, N.; Zhou, Y.; Li, B.; Luo, W.; Liao, B.; Luo, J. Effect of Ti Transition Layer Thickness on the Structure, Mechanical and Adhesion Properties of Ti-DLC Coatings on Aluminum Alloys. Materials 2018, 11, 1742.

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