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Open AccessArticle

High Performance Gas Separation Mixed Matrix Membrane Fabricated by Incorporation of Functionalized Submicrometer-Sized Metal-Organic Framework

1
State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao 266580, China
2
College of Science, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao 266580, China
3
Guangzhou Special Pressure Equipment Inspection and Research Institute, Guangzhou 510663, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(8), 1421; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11081421
Received: 29 June 2018 / Revised: 8 August 2018 / Accepted: 8 August 2018 / Published: 13 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Thin Films)
Mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) attract great attention due to their outstanding gas separation performance. The compatibility between the fillers and the polymer matrix is one of the key points for the preparation of high-performance MMMs. In this work, MMMs consisting of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of amine-modified Cu-BTC (NH2-Cu-BTC; BTC = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid) and submicrometer-sized amine-modified Cu-BTC (sub-NH2-Cu-BTC) incorporated into a Pebax-1657 polymer were fabricated for the gas separation. The SEM image and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectra showed an increase in the surface roughness of MOFs and the presence of amino groups on the surface of Cu-BTC after the amination modification, and a decrease in the size of MOFs crystals after the submicrometer-sized aminated modification. Gas adsorption analysis indicated that NH2-Cu-BTC and sub-NH2-Cu-BTC had a higher gas adsorption capacity for CO2 compared to the unmodified Cu-BTC. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image showed that NH2-Cu-BTC and sub-NH2-Cu-BTC, especially sub-NH2-Cu-BTC, had a better compatibility with a polyether-block-amide (Pebax) matrix in the MMMs. The gas separation performance indicated that the Pebax/sub-NH2-Cu-BTC MMMs evidently improved the CO2/N2 and CO2/CH4 selectivity at the expense of a slight CO2 permeability. The results reveal that modified MOF-filled MMMs possess great potential for applications in the CO2 separation field. View Full-Text
Keywords: mixed matrix membranes; metal–organic framework; gas separation; amination; submicron mixed matrix membranes; metal–organic framework; gas separation; amination; submicron
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ge, B.; Xu, Y.; Zhao, H.; Sun, H.; Guo, Y.; Wang, W. High Performance Gas Separation Mixed Matrix Membrane Fabricated by Incorporation of Functionalized Submicrometer-Sized Metal-Organic Framework. Materials 2018, 11, 1421.

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