Laser welding has been considered to be one of the most promising joining processes for Nitinol medical device manufacturing. Presently, there is still a limited understanding about how laser welding affects the microstructure and the resultant corrosion behaviors. This work aimed to reveal the microstructural factors that influence the corrosion resistance of laser-welded crossed Nitinol joints. The microstructures within various zones of the joints were characterized by using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the corrosion behaviors of the joints in 0.9% NaCl and Hank’s solutions were studied. The base metal exhibits a single austenite (B2) phase and the highest corrosion resistance. The phase constituent of the fusion zone is the coexistence of the B2 matrix and some precipitates (T2
particles), resulting in a slight decrease in corrosion resistance. The heat affected zone (HAZ) shows the austenite matrix but with the precipitation of R-phase, which considerably reduces the corrosion potential, making it the weakest zone.
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