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Study on the Mechanical Properties of Bionic Coupling Layered B4C/5083Al Composite Materials

1
The Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Automotive Simulation and Control, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(5), 680; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11050680
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 6 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 26 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Advanced Composites)
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Abstract

Based on microstructure characteristics of Meretrix lusoria shell and Rapana venosa shell, bionic coupling layered B4C/5083Al composites with different layered structures and hard/soft combination models were fabricated via hot pressed sintering. The simplified bionic coupling models with hard and soft layers were similar to layered structure and hardness tendency of shells, guiding the bionic design and fabrication. B4C/5083Al composites with various B4C contents and pure 5083Al were treated as hard and soft layers, respectively. Hot pressed sintering maintained the designed bionic structure and enhanced high bonding strength between ceramics and matrix. Compared with B4C/5083Al composites, bionic layered composites exhibited high mechanical properties including flexural strength, fracture toughness, compressive strength and impact toughness. The hard layers absorbed applied loads in the form of intergranular fracture. Besides connection role, soft layers restrained slabbing phenomenon and reset extension direction of cracks among layers. The coupling functions of bionic composites proved the feasibility and practicability of bionic fabrication, providing a new method for improvement of ceramic/Al composite with properties of being lightweight and high mechanical strength. View Full-Text
Keywords: shell; bionic design; coupling layered structure; mechanical property shell; bionic design; coupling layered structure; mechanical property
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhao, Q.; Liang, Y.; Liu, Q.; Zhang, Z.; Yu, Z.; Ren, L. Study on the Mechanical Properties of Bionic Coupling Layered B4C/5083Al Composite Materials. Materials 2018, 11, 680.

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