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Materials 2018, 11(4), 465; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11040465

Combined Effect of Alternating Current Interference and Cathodic Protection on Pitting Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking Behavior of X70 Pipeline Steel in Near-Neutral pH Environment

1
College of Electromechanical Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
2
Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 January 2018 / Revised: 15 March 2018 / Accepted: 15 March 2018 / Published: 22 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
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Abstract

Influence of alternating current (AC) on pitting corrosion and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) behavior of X70 pipeline steel in the near-neutral pH environment under cathodic protection (CP) was investigated. Both corrosion and SCC are inhibited by −0.775 VSCE CP without AC interference. With the superimposition of AC current (1–10 mA/cm2), the direct current (DC) potential shifts negatively under the CP of −0.775 VSCE and the cathodic DC current decreases and shifts to the anodic direction. Under the CP potential of −0.95 VSCE and −1.2 VSCE, the applied AC current promotes the cathodic reaction and leads to the positive shift of DC potential and increase of cathodic current. Local anodic dissolution occurs attributing to the generated anodic current transients in the positive half-cycle of the AC current, resulting in the initiation of corrosion pits (0.6–2 μm in diameter). AC enhances the SCC susceptibility of X70 steel under −0.775 VSCE CP, attributing to the promotion of anodic dissolution and hydrogen evolution. Even an AC current as low as 1 mA/cm2 can enhance the SCC susceptibility. View Full-Text
Keywords: pipeline steel; AC interference; cathodic protection; pitting corrosion; stress corrosion cracking pipeline steel; AC interference; cathodic protection; pitting corrosion; stress corrosion cracking
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Wang, L.; Cheng, L.; Li, J.; Zhu, Z.; Bai, S.; Cui, Z. Combined Effect of Alternating Current Interference and Cathodic Protection on Pitting Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking Behavior of X70 Pipeline Steel in Near-Neutral pH Environment. Materials 2018, 11, 465.

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