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Open AccessArticle

Stress Evolution of Amorphous Thermoplastic Plate during Forming Process

Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
State Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Yudao Street 29, Nanjing 210016, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(4), 464;
Received: 16 February 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2018 / Accepted: 20 March 2018 / Published: 21 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Manufacturing Processes and Systems)
Amorphous thermoplastics, as a type of engineering plastic material, are used in various industrial sectors. In order to manufacture high-performance products, it is important to optimize their forming process to mitigate residual stresses. However, stress in a plate is difficult to measure, therefore, modeling provides a powerful way to investigate and understand the evolution of stress. In this study, the forming process of a polyetherimide (PEI) plate was modelled using finite element analysis, and then validated through a comparison with a warpage experiment. This study reveals that the whole forming process can be divided into three stages by the glass transition temperature Tg of the PEI. The second stage, corresponding to the plate cooling from above Tg to below Tg, contributes a large portion of the residual stress in a short time. The final residual stress, the magnitude of which is affected by the cooling rate and plate thickness, shows a parabolic distribution through the thickness of the plate. These important conclusions are beneficial for improving the quality of an amorphous thermoplastic plate, while allowing highly efficient production. View Full-Text
Keywords: amorphous thermoplastics; residual stress; modeling; forming process amorphous thermoplastics; residual stress; modeling; forming process
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Wu, Q.; Ogasawara, T.; Yoshikawa, N.; Zhai, H. Stress Evolution of Amorphous Thermoplastic Plate during Forming Process. Materials 2018, 11, 464.

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