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Investigation of Zinc and Phosphorus Elements Incorporated into Micro-Arc Oxidation Coatings Developed on Ti-6Al-4V Alloys

1
School of Materials and Electromechanics, Jiangxi Science and Technology Normal University, Nanchang 330013, China
2
Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this study.
Materials 2018, 11(3), 344; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11030344
Received: 25 January 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2018 / Accepted: 20 February 2018 / Published: 27 February 2018
In order to clarify the mechanism that zinc and phosphorus elements entering the micro-arc oxidation (MAO) coatings developed on Ti-6Al-4V alloys, anodic coatings containing different zinc and phosphorus were fabricated using an orthogonal experiment of four factors with three levels in an electrolyte containing EDTA-ZnNa2, KOH, and phytic acid. Surface morphology, element composition, chemical state and phase structure of MAO coatings were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The concentrations of zinc and phosphorus in the electrolyte were analyzed by an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The results show that zinc and phosphorus elements in MAO coatings exist in the form of Zn3(PO4)2. Phytic acid is the most important factor on both zinc and phosphorus contents of MAO coatings. With the increase of phytic acid concentration or the decrease of KOH concentration, the contents of zinc and phosphorus in MAO coatings present a similarly increasing tendency. Our results indicate that phosphorus takes part in coating formation mainly by diffusion, while zinc enters into MAO coatings with phosphorus from phytic acid. View Full-Text
Keywords: titanium alloys; micro-arc oxidation; zinc ions; mechanism titanium alloys; micro-arc oxidation; zinc ions; mechanism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Zeng, L.; Zhang, H.; Xiang, J.; Zhang, S.; Chang, W.; Zhang, R.; Wang, Q.; Sheng, Y.; Zhao, Y. Investigation of Zinc and Phosphorus Elements Incorporated into Micro-Arc Oxidation Coatings Developed on Ti-6Al-4V Alloys. Materials 2018, 11, 344.

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