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Materials 2018, 11(12), 2479; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11122479

Copper Alloy Touch Surfaces in Healthcare Facilities: An Effective Solution to Prevent Bacterial Spreading

1
Biomatériaux et Inflammation en Site Osseux, EA 4691, SFR CAP-Santé, UFR de Pharmacie, Université de Reims Champagne Ardenne, 51100 Reims, France
2
Service de Microbiologie, UFR pharmacie, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, 51100 Reims, France
3
Unité d’aide méthodologique, CHU de Reims, 51100 Reims, France
4
Inserm UMR-S 1250 P3Cell, SFR CAP-Santé, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, 51100 Reims, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2018 / Revised: 30 November 2018 / Accepted: 4 December 2018 / Published: 6 December 2018
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Abstract

In the healthcare environment, microorganisms’ cross-transmission between inanimate surfaces and patients or healthcare workers can lead to healthcare-associated infections. A recent interest has grown to create antimicrobial copper touch surfaces, in order to counteract microbial spread in the healthcare environment. For the first time, five French long-term care facilities were at 50% fitted with copper alloys door handles and handrails. Related to the environmental bacterial contamination, 1400 samples were carried out on copper and control surfaces over three years after copper installation. In addition, some copper door handles were taken from the different facilities, and their specific activity against methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was tested in vitro. In comparison to control surfaces, copper door handles and handrails revealed significantly lower contamination levels. This difference was observed in the five long-term care facilities and it persists through the three years of the study. High and extreme levels of bacterial contamination were less frequent on copper surfaces. Although, the antibacterial activity of copper surfaces against MRSA was lowered after three years of regular use, it was still significant as compared to inert control surfaces. Therefore, copper containing surfaces are promising actors in the non-spreading of environmental bacterial contamination in healthcare facilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: copper; antimicrobial; healthcare-associated infections; long-term care facilities copper; antimicrobial; healthcare-associated infections; long-term care facilities
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Colin, M.; Klingelschmitt, F.; Charpentier, E.; Josse, J.; Kanagaratnam, L.; De Champs, C.; Gangloff, S.C. Copper Alloy Touch Surfaces in Healthcare Facilities: An Effective Solution to Prevent Bacterial Spreading. Materials 2018, 11, 2479.

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