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Open AccessArticle

In Situ FT-IR Characterization of CuZnZr/Ferrierite Hybrid Catalysts for One-Pot CO2-to-DME Conversion

1
Dipartimento di Scienze ed Innovazione Tecnologica, Università del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”, Viale Teresa Michel, 11. 15100 Alessandria, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Ingegneria per l’Ambiente e il Territorio e Ingegneria Chimica, Università della Calabria, via P. Bucci, 87036 Rende, Italy
3
CNR-ITAE, Istituto di Tecnologie Avanzate per l’Energia “Nicola Giordano”, via S. Lucia sopra Contesse 5, 98126 Messina, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(11), 2275; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11112275
Received: 4 October 2018 / Revised: 9 November 2018 / Accepted: 12 November 2018 / Published: 14 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Supported Materials for Catalytic Application)
CO2 hydrogenation to dimethyl ether (DME) is a promising strategy to drive the current chemical industry towards a low-carbon scenario since DME can be used as an eco-friendly fuel as well as a platform molecule for chemical production. A Cu‒ZnO‒ZrO2/ferrierite (CZZ/FER) hybrid grain was recently proposed as a catalyst for CO2-to-DME one-pot conversion exhibiting high DME productivity thanks to the unique shape-selectivity offered by ferrierite zeolite. Nevertheless, such a catalyst deactivates but no direct evidence has been reported of activity loss over time. In this work, CZZ/FER catalysts with different acidity levels were characterized with the FTIR technique before and after reactions, aiming to give new insights about catalyst deactivation. Results show that activity loss can be related to both (i) copper particle sintering, which decreases CO2 activation towards methanol, and (ii) acidity loss due to H+/Cu2+ ion exchange. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 hydrogenation; dimethyl ether; Cu‒ZnO‒ZrO2; ferrierite zeolite; catalyst deactivation; zeolite Brønsted/Lewis acidity; FTIR CO2 hydrogenation; dimethyl ether; Cu‒ZnO‒ZrO2; ferrierite zeolite; catalyst deactivation; zeolite Brønsted/Lewis acidity; FTIR
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Miletto, I.; Catizzone, E.; Bonura, G.; Ivaldi, C.; Migliori, M.; Gianotti, E.; Marchese, L.; Frusteri, F.; Giordano, G. In Situ FT-IR Characterization of CuZnZr/Ferrierite Hybrid Catalysts for One-Pot CO2-to-DME Conversion. Materials 2018, 11, 2275.

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