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Open AccessArticle

Dynamic Loading of Lattice Structure Made by Selective Laser Melting-Numerical Model with Substitution of Geometrical Imperfections

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Institute of Machine and Industrial Design, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Technická 2896/2, 616 69 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Engineer Technology, Faculty of Military Technology, University of Defence, Kounicova 65, 662 10 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(11), 2129; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11112129
Received: 9 October 2018 / Revised: 24 October 2018 / Accepted: 25 October 2018 / Published: 29 October 2018
Selective laser melting (SLM) is an additive technology that allows for the production of precisely designed complex structures for energy absorbing applications from a wide range of metallic materials. Geometrical imperfections of the SLM fabricated lattice structures, which form one of the many thin struts, can lead to a great difference in prediction of their behavior. This article deals with the prediction of lattice structure mechanical properties under dynamic loading using finite element method (FEA) with inclusion of geometrical imperfections of the SLM process. Such properties are necessary to know especially for the application of SLM fabricated lattice structures in automotive or aerospace industries. Four types of specimens from AlSi10Mg alloy powder material were manufactured using SLM for quasi-static mechanical testing and determination of lattice structure mechanical properties for the FEA material model, for optical measurement of geometrical accuracy, and for low-velocity impact testing using the impact tester with a flat indenter. Geometries of struts with elliptical and circular cross-sections were identified and tested using FEA. The results showed that, in the case of elliptical cross-section, a significantly better match was found (2% error in the Fmax) with the low-velocity impact experiments during the whole deformation process compared to the circular cross-section. The FEA numerical model will be used for future testing of geometry changes and its effect on mechanical properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: finite element analysis (FEA); low-velocity impact; numerical model; lattice structure; material model; ANSYS Workbench; aluminum alloy AlSi10Mg; energy absorption finite element analysis (FEA); low-velocity impact; numerical model; lattice structure; material model; ANSYS Workbench; aluminum alloy AlSi10Mg; energy absorption
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Vrána, R.; Červinek, O.; Maňas, P.; Koutný, D.; Paloušek, D. Dynamic Loading of Lattice Structure Made by Selective Laser Melting-Numerical Model with Substitution of Geometrical Imperfections. Materials 2018, 11, 2129.

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