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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Risk Management of Hazardous Materials in Manufacturing Processes: Links and Transitional Spaces between Occupational Accidents and Major Accidents

1
Department of Physics, Systems Engineering and Signal Theory, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad de Alicante, Campus de Sant Vicent del Raspeig s/n, 03690 Sant Vicent del Raspeig, Alicante, Spain
2
Manufacturing and Construction Engineering Department, ETS de Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Calle Juan del Rosal, 12, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Safety and Security Science Group (S3G), TU Delft, 2628 BX Delft, The Netherlands
4
Faculty of Applied Economics, Antwerp Research Group on Safety and Security (ARGoSS), University Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
5
Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental, and Materials Engineering, Università di Bologna, Via Terracini, 28, 40131 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(10), 1915; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11101915
Received: 12 September 2018 / Revised: 30 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 October 2018 / Published: 9 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society (MES))
Manufacturing processes involving chemical agents are evolving at great speed. In this context, managing chemical risk is especially important towards preventing both occupational accidents and major accidents. Directive 89/391/EEC and Directive 2012/18/EU, respectively, are enforced in the European Union (EU) to this end. These directives may be further complemented by the recent ISO 45001:2018 standard regarding occupational health and safety management systems. These three management systems are closely related. However, scientific literature tackles the researching of these accidents independently. Thus, the main objective of this work is to identify and analyse the links and transitional spaces between the risk management of both types of accident. Among the results obtained, three transitional spaces can be pointed out which result from the intersection of the three systems mentioned. Similarly, the intersection of these spaces gives shape to a specific transitional space defined by the individual directives linked to Directive 89/391/EEC. These results are limited from a regulatory and technical perspective. Thus, the results are a starting point towards developing models that integrate the management systems studied. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk assessment; dangerous substance; Directive 89/391/EEC; Directive 2012/18/EU; ISO 45001:2018 standard; emerging risk; major accident; manufacturing; occupational accident; risk management risk assessment; dangerous substance; Directive 89/391/EEC; Directive 2012/18/EU; ISO 45001:2018 standard; emerging risk; major accident; manufacturing; occupational accident; risk management
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Brocal, F.; González, C.; Reniers, G.; Cozzani, V.; Sebastián, M.A. Risk Management of Hazardous Materials in Manufacturing Processes: Links and Transitional Spaces between Occupational Accidents and Major Accidents. Materials 2018, 11, 1915.

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