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Oral Microbes, Biofilms and Their Role in Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases

Department of Periodontology, Université catholique de Louvain, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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Materials 2018, 11(10), 1802; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11101802
Received: 20 August 2018 / Revised: 17 September 2018 / Accepted: 20 September 2018 / Published: 22 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial Biofilms in Healthcare: Formation, Prevention and Treatment)
Despite many discoveries over the past 20 years regarding the etio-pathogenesis of periodontal and peri-implant diseases, as well as significant advances in our understanding of microbial biofilms, the incidence of these pathologies still continues to rise. This review presents a general overview of the main protagonists and phenomena involved in oral health and disease. A special emphasis on the role of certain keystone pathogens in periodontitis and peri-implantitis is underlined. Their capacity to bring a dysregulation of the homeostasis with their host and the microbial biofilm lifestyle are also discussed. Finally, the current treatment principles of periodontitis and peri-implantitis are presented and their limits exposed. This leads to realize that new strategies must be developed and studied to overcome the shortcomings of existing approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: periodontitis; peri-implantitis; biofilms; oral bacteria periodontitis; peri-implantitis; biofilms; oral bacteria
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Lasserre, J.F.; Brecx, M.C.; Toma, S. Oral Microbes, Biofilms and Their Role in Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases. Materials 2018, 11, 1802.

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