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Open AccessArticle

Preparation of Humidity-Sensitive Poly(Ethylene Glycol) Inverse Opal Micropatterns Using Colloidal Lithography

1
Institute of Biomedical Materials and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
2
Laboratory for New Fiber Materials and Modern Textile, Growing Base for State Key Laboratory, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2017, 10(9), 1035; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10091035
Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 30 August 2017 / Accepted: 30 August 2017 / Published: 5 September 2017
Humidity-sensitive poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) inverse opals with micropatterns of 2 μm wide anti-swell-broken grooves were prepared using polystyrene (PS) colloidal crystals as templates and colloidal lithography. Monodisperse PS colloids were deposited in an ordered manner onto glass slides using a double-substrate vertical deposition method to form colloidal crystal templates. Poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) with photoinitiator was infiltrated into the interspaces of the colloidal crystals and photo-crosslinked by UV irradiation through a photomask. After removal the PS templates and unexposed PEGDA by tetrahydrofuran (THF), PEG hydrogel micropatterns with three-dimensional ordered porous structures were obtained. The band gaps of the PS colloidal crystals and corresponding PEG hydrogel inverse opals were measured by UV-VIS reflection spectrometer, calculated by Bragg law and simulated by Band SOLVE. The obtained PEG hydrogel inverse opal micropatterns can be used as sensors for humidity sensing due to absorption and desorption of moisture in the band gap structures. The sensor had a very reliable performance after repeated humidity sensing, and could be mass produced facilely with very low cost. The photopatterned anti-swell-broken grooves play an important role in the reliability of the sensors. View Full-Text
Keywords: poly(ethylene glycol); inverse opals; colloidal crystals; sensors poly(ethylene glycol); inverse opals; colloidal crystals; sensors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, B.; Cong, H.; Yang, Z.; Yang, S.; Wang, Y.; Zhai, F.; Wang, Y. Preparation of Humidity-Sensitive Poly(Ethylene Glycol) Inverse Opal Micropatterns Using Colloidal Lithography. Materials 2017, 10, 1035.

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