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Open AccessReview

Production of High-Value Nanoparticles via Biogenic Processes Using Aquacultural and Horticultural Food Waste

1
Murdoch Applied Nanotechnology Research Group, Department of Physics, Energy Studies and Nanotechnology, School of Engineering and Energy, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia
2
Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, 3 Baron Hay Court, South Perth, Western Australia 6151, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2017, 10(8), 852; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10080852
Received: 19 May 2017 / Revised: 13 July 2017 / Accepted: 18 July 2017 / Published: 25 July 2017
The quantities of organic waste produced globally by aquacultural and horticulture are extremely large and offer an attractive renewable source of biomolecules and bioactive compounds. The availability of such large and diverse sources of waste materials creates a unique opportunity to develop new recycling and food waste utilisation strategies. The aim of this review is to report the current status of research in the emerging field of producing high-value nanoparticles from food waste. Eco-friendly biogenic processes are quite rapid, and are usually carried out at normal room temperature and pressure. These alternative clean technologies do not rely on the use of the toxic chemicals and solvents commonly associated with traditional nanoparticle manufacturing processes. The relatively small number of research articles in the field have been surveyed and evaluated. Among the diversity of waste types, promising candidates and their ability to produce various high-value nanoparticles are discussed. Experimental parameters, nanoparticle characteristics and potential applications for nanoparticles in pharmaceuticals and biomedical applications are discussed. In spite of the advantages, there are a number of challenges, including nanoparticle reproducibility and understanding the formation mechanisms between different food waste products. Thus, there is considerable scope and opportunity for further research in this emerging field. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoparticles; biogenic synthesis; green chemistry; recycling; adding value nanoparticles; biogenic synthesis; green chemistry; recycling; adding value
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Ghosh, P.R.; Fawcett, D.; Sharma, S.B.; Poinern, G.E.J. Production of High-Value Nanoparticles via Biogenic Processes Using Aquacultural and Horticultural Food Waste. Materials 2017, 10, 852.

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