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Open AccessArticle

Development and Characterization of Polymer Eco-Composites Based on Natural Rubber Reinforced with Natural Fibers

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National R&D Institute for Textile and Leather—Leather and Footwear Research Institute, 93 Ion Minulescu St., 31215 Bucharest, Romania
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National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Electron Accelerators Laboratory, 409 Atomistilor St., 077125 Magurele, Romania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2017, 10(7), 787; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10070787
Received: 23 June 2017 / Revised: 5 July 2017 / Accepted: 6 July 2017 / Published: 11 July 2017
Natural rubber composites filled with short natural fibers (flax and sawdust) were prepared by blending procedure and the elastomer cross-linking was carried out using benzoyl peroxide. The microbial degradation of composites was carried out by incubating with Aspergillus niger recognized for the ability to grow and degrade a broad range of substrates. The extent of biodegradation was evaluated by weight loss and cross-linking degree study of composites after 2 months incubation in pure shake culture conditions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) have proved to be precious and valuable instruments for morphological as well as structural characterization of the composites before and after incubation with Aspergillus niger. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecocomposites; natural rubber; natural fibers; Aspergillus niger ecocomposites; natural rubber; natural fibers; Aspergillus niger
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stelescu, M.-D.; Manaila, E.; Craciun, G.; Chirila, C. Development and Characterization of Polymer Eco-Composites Based on Natural Rubber Reinforced with Natural Fibers. Materials 2017, 10, 787.

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