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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Carbon in Fabrication Al-SiC Nanocomposites for Tribological Application

Faculty of Material Engineering and Metallurgy, Silesian University of Technology, Katowice 40-019, Krasińskiego 8, Poland
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Materials 2017, 10(6), 679; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10060679
Received: 30 March 2017 / Revised: 12 June 2017 / Accepted: 14 June 2017 / Published: 21 June 2017
Aluminium-based hybrid composites are a new class of advanced materials with the potential of satisfying the demands in engineering applications. This paper describes the effects of carbon addition on the formation and properties of AMC with SiC nanoparticles reinforcement. The composites were produced via mechanical alloying followed by hot pressing. Three forms of carbon, graphite (GR), multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and, for the first time, glassy carbon (GC), were used for the hybrid composites manufacturing and compared with tribological properties of Al-SiC composite without carbon addition. GC and CNTs enhanced formation of Al-SiC composite particles and resulted in a homogeneous distribution of reinforcing particles. On the other hand, GR addition altered mechanochemical alloying and did not lead to a proper distribution of nanoparticulate SiC reinforcement. Hot pressing technique led to the reaction between Al and carbon as well as SiC particles and caused the formation of Al4C3 and γ-Al2O3. The subsistence of carbon particles in the composites altered the predominant wear mechanisms since the wear reduction and the stabilization of the friction coefficient were observed. GC with simultaneous γ-Al2O3 formation in the hybrid Al-SiC(n)-C composites turned out to be the most effective additive in terms of their tribological behaviour. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminium matrix composites (AMC); hybrid composites; glassy carbon; carbon nanotubes; powder metallurgy aluminium matrix composites (AMC); hybrid composites; glassy carbon; carbon nanotubes; powder metallurgy
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Hekner, B.; Myalski, J.; Pawlik, T.; Sopicka-Lizer, M. Effect of Carbon in Fabrication Al-SiC Nanocomposites for Tribological Application. Materials 2017, 10, 679.

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