Next Article in Journal
Modelling of Fluidised Geomaterials: The Case of the Aberfan and the Gypsum Tailings Impoundment Flowslides
Previous Article in Journal
Influence of Low-Frequency Vibration and Modification on Solidification and Mechanical Properties of Al-Si Casting Alloy
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2017, 10(5), 563;

Effect of Hydrogen Exposure on Mechanical and Tribological Behavior of CrxN Coatings Deposited at Different Pressures on IN718

Chair of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Technology, Brandenburg Technical University, Cottbus 03046, Germany
Department of General Physics, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk 634050, Russia
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
Laboratory of Inorganic Nanomaterials, National University of Science and Technology “MISiS”, Moscow 119049, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Silvia Gross
Received: 28 March 2017 / Revised: 5 May 2017 / Accepted: 12 May 2017 / Published: 20 May 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [1588 KB, uploaded 20 May 2017]   |  


In the current study, the properties of the CrxN coatings deposited on the Inconel 718 superalloy using direct current reactive magnetron sputtering are investigated. The influence of working pressure on the microstructure, mechanical, and tribological properties of the CrxN coatings before and after high-temperature hydrogen exposure is studied. The cross-sectional scanning electron micrographs indicate the columnar structure of the coatings, which changes from dense and compact columns to large columns with increasing working pressure. The Cr/N ratio increases from 1.4 to 1.9 with increasing working pressure from 300 to 900 mPa, respectively. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals a change from mixed hcp-Cr2N and fcc-CrN structure to approximately stoichiometric Cr2N phase. After gas-phase hydrogenation, the coating deposited at 300 mPa exhibits the lowest hydrogen absorption at 600 °C of all investigated coatings. The results indicate that the dense mixed cubic and hexagonal structure is preferential for hydrogen permeation resistance due to the presence of cubic phase with higher packing density in comparison to the hexagonal structure. After hydrogenation, no changes in phase composition were observed; however, a small amount of hydrogen is accumulated in the coatings. An increase of coating hardness and elastic modulus was observed after hydrogen exposure. Tribological tests reveal that hydrogenation leads to a decrease of the friction coefficient up to 20%–30%. The best value of 0.25 was reached for hydrogen exposed CrxN coating deposited at 300 mPa. View Full-Text
Keywords: CrxN coatings; PVD; hydrogenation; tribology; mechanical properties; GDOES CrxN coatings; PVD; hydrogenation; tribology; mechanical properties; GDOES

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Obrosov, A.; Sutygina, A.N.; Volinsky, A.A.; Manakhov, A.; Weiß, S.; Kashkarov, E.B. Effect of Hydrogen Exposure on Mechanical and Tribological Behavior of CrxN Coatings Deposited at Different Pressures on IN718. Materials 2017, 10, 563.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top