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Nanoscale Phase Evolution during Continuum Decomposition of Fe-Cr Alloys

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2017, 10(12), 1431;
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 13 December 2017 / Accepted: 13 December 2017 / Published: 15 December 2017
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The continuum decomposition of the Fe-Cr alloys from initial phase separation to steady-state coarsening with concentrations varying from 25 at % Cr and 30 at % Cr to 33 at % Cr aged at 750 K was studied by utilizing three-dimensional phase-field simulations. The dynamic stages of separation of nanoscale Cr-enriched α′ phase were distinguished by the evolution of the volume fraction, particle number density and the average particle radius of the α′ phase. The stage of steady-state coarsening was characterized with an equilibrium volume fraction and decreasing particle number density. The coarsening rate constant by linear fitting of the cube of average radius and aging time shows an increase with the increasing Cr concentration. The time exponents decrease from the growth and coarsening stage to the steady-state coarsening stage and show a dependence on the particles number density at different concentrations. The quantitative evolutions of α′ phase via nucleation growth and spinodal decomposition are theoretically helpful for understanding the microstructure evolution with aging time in Fe-Cr alloys. View Full-Text
Keywords: phase decomposition; Fe-Cr alloys; phase-field phase decomposition; Fe-Cr alloys; phase-field

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Li, Y.; Zhu, L.; Liu, C.; Shi, S. Nanoscale Phase Evolution during Continuum Decomposition of Fe-Cr Alloys. Materials 2017, 10, 1431.

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