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Mutual Effects of Fluorine Dopant and Oxygen Vacancies on Structural and Luminescence Characteristics of F Doped SnO2 Nanoparticles

State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
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Materials 2017, 10(12), 1398; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10121398
Received: 20 October 2017 / Revised: 24 November 2017 / Accepted: 28 November 2017 / Published: 7 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
SnO2 and F doped SnO2 (FTO) nanoparticles (NPs) have been synthesized by the hydrothermal method with subsequent annealing at 500 °C. The microstructure and photoluminescence (PL) property of SnO2 and FTO NPs have been investigated, and an assumption model about the luminescence process of FTO NPs has been proposed. All of the SnO2 and FTO NPs possess polycrystalline tetragonal rutile structures, and the average size in the range of 16.5–20.2 nm decreases with the increasing of F doping content. The doping element F is shown a uniformly distribution by electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) mapping. The oxygen vacancy concentration becomes higher as is verified by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS). There are three kinds of oxygen chemical states in SnO2 and FTO NPs, in which Oα corresponds to oxygen vacancies. The room temperature PL position is observed to be independent of F doping content. F may substitute O2− into the SnO2 lattice by generating F O + and one extra e, which can combine with V O + or V O + + to generate V O 0 or V O + to ensure charge balance. View Full-Text
Keywords: F doped SnO2 nanoparticles; hydrothermal method; photoluminescence property; oxygen vacancies F doped SnO2 nanoparticles; hydrothermal method; photoluminescence property; oxygen vacancies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Wang, X.; Di, Q.; Zhao, H.; Liang, B.; Yang, J. Mutual Effects of Fluorine Dopant and Oxygen Vacancies on Structural and Luminescence Characteristics of F Doped SnO2 Nanoparticles. Materials 2017, 10, 1398.

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