Public Engagement in Energy Research
2. Method and Focus
- The formation of research and innovation policy;
- The development of research and innovation programmes;
- The definition of a research and innovation project;
- Actual research and innovation activities.
- In December 2013, the Engage 2020 consortium set up an international online survey which was used to collect examples of methods or tools being used at the time to engage civil society stakeholders at all levels of the research and innovation process across all grand societal challenges. The consortium partners invited relevant parties in their networks and professional associations to contribute. The majority of these are professionally organising public engagement, such as science communicators, community-based researchers, and technology-assessors. Over 200 questionnaires were filled out over a period of four months. Based on this input and research on fields of practice in engagement by the consortium , 57 methods and tools were identified. For all of the methods and tools a specific factsheet was made, based on the information in the questionnaire and additional desktop research. The report on the factsheets was published online in October 2014 .
- As part of, and in addition to the work carried out in step 1, we obtained specific information on engagement in energy research; with a focus on engagement during project definition or the actual research and innovation activities. Most of this information was gathered from the Dutch language area. The main catalogues used were:
- National Academic Research and Collaborations Information System (Narcis) of the Dutch Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS);
- SmartCat, which is the University of Groningen’s localized version of WorldCat;
- Web of Science.
- Informing: To provide the public with balanced and objective information to assist them in understanding the problem, alternatives, opportunities and/or solutions;
- Consult: To obtain public feedback on analysis, alternatives, and/or decisions;
- Involve: To work directly with the public throughout the process to ensure that public issues and concerns are consistently understood and considered;
- Collaborate: To partner with the public in each aspect of the decision including the development of alternatives and the identification of the preferred solution;
- Empowerment: To place final decision-making in the hands of the public.
3.2.1. User committee
3.2.2. Q Methodology
- Definition of the concourse
- Interviews and perspective identification
- Analysis & Conclusions
- Keep all options open;
- Hit the brakes;
- Support small-scale innovative initiatives;
- Security of supply with global, certified, 2nd generation biomass;
- Efficiency the goal: biomass a means?
- Just do it, step by step.
3.3.1. Participatory Design
- Workshop with communities (citizens engaged in a certain issue), academics & local government, including collaborative mapping sessions, probes and workbooks to feed the discussion;
- Design & adaptation during deployment.
3.4.1. Science Shop
- Getting to know each other and the core issues. It can be useful to do a site visit but the information that has been gathered beforehand to bring the participants up to speed is the key;
- Gathering input from the participants. In depth interviews in subgroups should be held to gain insight into the views of each stakeholder. Each participant also prioritises the issues that they raise;
3.5.1. Knowledge Exchange
3.5.2. Quality Control
4. Discussion and Conclusions
Conflicts of Interest
References and Notes
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|Sharing information about research & innovation and opening up channels for discussion and interactive communication. No “strings attached“.||Requesting visions on research and innovation processes, and facilitating contributions and structured discussions. There are “strings attached“.||Creating opportunities for contributions to deliberations and research activities or contributing to research execution as more than a subject in the project.||Working together on research initiation and/or execution, so there is co-ownership of the project.||Societal actors are in the lead in the research initiation and execution. On their request, they are supported by researchers or institutions.|
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Jellema, J.; Mulder, H.A.J. Public Engagement in Energy Research. Energies 2016, 9, 125. https://doi.org/10.3390/en9030125
Jellema J, Mulder HAJ. Public Engagement in Energy Research. Energies. 2016; 9(3):125. https://doi.org/10.3390/en9030125Chicago/Turabian Style
Jellema, Jako, and Henk A. J. Mulder. 2016. "Public Engagement in Energy Research" Energies 9, no. 3: 125. https://doi.org/10.3390/en9030125