Next Article in Journal
Model-based Sensor Fault Diagnosis of a Lithium-ion Battery in Electric Vehicles
Next Article in Special Issue
A Solar Automatic Tracking System that Generates Power for Lighting Greenhouses
Previous Article in Journal
Unraveling the Mysteries of Turbulence Transport in a Wind Farm
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Penetration of Photovoltaics in Greece

Department of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Athens, Greece
Department of Law, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 10672 Athens, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tapas Mallick
Energies 2015, 8(7), 6497-6508;
Received: 30 March 2015 / Revised: 28 May 2015 / Accepted: 16 June 2015 / Published: 26 June 2015
PDF [1200 KB, uploaded 26 June 2015]


Recently, an interesting experiment was completed in Greece concerning photovoltaic penetration into the electricity production sector. Based on the relevant laws and in accordance to the related European directives, an explosive penetration process was completed in less than three years, resulting in a 7% share of photovoltaics in electricity production instead of the previous negligible share. The legislation was based on licensing simplification and generous feed-in-tariffs. This approach transformed photovoltaic technology from a prohibitively expensive to a competitive one. This work aims to summarize the relevant legislation and illustrate its effect on the resulting penetration. A sigmoid-shape penetration was observed which was explained by a pulse-type driving force. The return on investment indicator was proposed as an appropriate driving force, which incorporates feed-in-tariffs and turnkey-cost. Furthermore, the resulting surcharge on the electricity price due to photovoltaic penetration was also analyzed. View Full-Text
Keywords: feed in tariff; return on investment; turnkey cost; renewable energy sources feed in tariff; return on investment; turnkey cost; renewable energy sources

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Giannini, E.; Moropoulou, A.; Maroulis, Z.; Siouti, G. Penetration of Photovoltaics in Greece. Energies 2015, 8, 6497-6508.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top