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Open AccessArticle

Enhanced Load Power Sharing Accuracy in Droop-Controlled DC Microgrids with Both Mesh and Radial Configurations

by Yiqi Liu *, Jianze Wang, Ningning Li, Yu Fu and Yanchao Ji
School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Josep M. Guerrero
Energies 2015, 8(5), 3591-3605; https://doi.org/10.3390/en8053591
Received: 16 December 2014 / Revised: 1 April 2015 / Accepted: 22 April 2015 / Published: 29 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microgrids)
The rational power sharing among different interface converters should be determined by the converter capacity. In order to guarantee that each converter operates at the ideal condition, considering the radial and mesh configuration, a modified strategy for load power sharing accuracy enhancement in droop-controlled DC microgrid is proposed in this paper. Two compensating terms which include averaging output power control and averaging DC voltage control of neighboring converters are employed. Since only the information of the neighboring converter is used, the complexity of the communication network can be reduced. The rational distribution of load power for different line resistance conditions is realized by using modified droop control that can be regarded as a distributed approach. Low bandwidth communication is used for exchanging sampled information between different converters. The feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method for different network configurations and line resistances under different communication delay is analyzed in detail. Simulation results derived from a DC microgrid with three converters is implemented in MATLAB/Simulink to verify the proposed approach. Experimental results from a 3 × 10 kW prototype also show the performance of the proposed modified droop control scheme. View Full-Text
Keywords: DC microgrid; communication delay; droop control; load power sharing; mesh configuration; radial configuration DC microgrid; communication delay; droop control; load power sharing; mesh configuration; radial configuration
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Liu, Y.; Wang, J.; Li, N.; Fu, Y.; Ji, Y. Enhanced Load Power Sharing Accuracy in Droop-Controlled DC Microgrids with Both Mesh and Radial Configurations. Energies 2015, 8, 3591-3605.

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