Next Article in Journal
Improved Short-Term Load Forecasting Based on Two-Stage Predictions with Artificial Neural Networks in a Microgrid Environment
Previous Article in Journal
A Liquid Inorganic Electrolyte Showing an Unusually High Lithium Ion Transference Number: A Concentrated Solution of LiAlCl4 in Sulfur Dioxide
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2013, 6(9), 4465-4488;

To Re-Explore the Causality between Barriers to Renewable Energy Development: A Case Study of Wind Energy

Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 June 2013 / Revised: 15 August 2013 / Accepted: 15 August 2013 / Published: 29 August 2013
Full-Text   |   PDF [477 KB, uploaded 17 March 2015]   |  


The development of wind energy in developing countries has its limitations. This study adapted quantitative approaches to explore the causality relationships among these barriers. It was found that different areas of obstacles did affect one another; by barrier inference we learned that a lack of national policy caused other disorders, and that the occurrence of these disorders eventually resulted either directly or indirectly in high investment costs. Thus, the question of how to effectively reduce the investment cost of wind energy development is the most important issue to developing countries. Furthermore, the results of this study clarified that wind intermittency would not be the main reason hindering short and mid-term wind power development. However, from a long-term perspective, the impact of intermittency still cannot be treated lightly, as it was found that for each standard deviation unit improvement of the intermittency, the investment cost-effectiveness improvement increased by 0.185 σ, which was 1.78 times higher than the impact from national policies. Therefore, aside from strengthening the national policies in establishing a suitable institutional framework, we recommend that policy-makers should also emphasize the establishment of an economic assessment of available sites, a detailed wind resource assessment and improved forecasting of technical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind energy; causality; national policies; investment costs; intermittency wind energy; causality; national policies; investment costs; intermittency

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, S.-C.; Lo, S.-L.; Lin, Y.-C. To Re-Explore the Causality between Barriers to Renewable Energy Development: A Case Study of Wind Energy. Energies 2013, 6, 4465-4488.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top