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Energies 2013, 6(11), 6016-6044;

Recent Research Progress on Non-aqueous Lithium-Air Batteries from Argonne National Laboratory

Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 October 2013 / Revised: 12 November 2013 / Accepted: 13 November 2013 / Published: 18 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Li-ion Batteries and Energy Storage Devices)
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Rechargeable non-aqueous Li-air battery technology offers potential advantages over other existing battery systems in terms of specific energy and energy density, which could enable the driving range of an electric vehicle to be comparable to that of gasoline vehicles. Development of efficient cathode catalysts and stable electrolytes for the Li-air battery has been intensively investigated for the past several years, and a number of review articles covering different topics are already available. This review mainly focuses on the research activities on rechargeable non-aqueous Li-air batteries at Argonne National Laboratory, with the emphasis on the gains in understanding of electrolyte decomposition, the structure and magnetic properties of lithium peroxide (Li2O2), development of an air-breathing cathode, and the effect of oxygen crossover on the lithium anode. Insights from this research have led to the improvement of the electrochemical performance of Li-air batteries. Promising paths for future work on rechargeable Li-air batteries are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Li-air battery; aprotic electrolyte; air-breathing cathode; oxygen crossover Li-air battery; aprotic electrolyte; air-breathing cathode; oxygen crossover

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Lu, J.; Amine, K. Recent Research Progress on Non-aqueous Lithium-Air Batteries from Argonne National Laboratory. Energies 2013, 6, 6016-6044.

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