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Article

Technologies of Wind Turbine Blade Repair: Practical Comparison

1
Department of Wind Energy, Risø Campus, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
2
Danish Blade Service Aps, Bavnevej 10 B, 6580 Vamdrup, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Davide Astolfi and Andrzej Bielecki
Energies 2022, 15(5), 1767; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15051767
Received: 2 February 2022 / Revised: 22 February 2022 / Accepted: 25 February 2022 / Published: 27 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Turbine Advances)
Maintenance and repair of wind turbines contribute to the higher costs of wind energy. In this paper, various technologies of structural repair of damaged and broken wind turbine blades are compared. The composite plates, mimicking damaged blade parts, were damaged and repaired, using various available curing and bonding technologies. Technologies of repair with hand layup lamination, vacuum repair with hand layup and infusion, ultraviolet repair and high temperature thermal curing were compared. The repaired samples were tested under tensile static and fatigue tests, and subject to microscopic X-ray investigations. It was observed that both the strength of the repaired structures and the porosity depend on the repair technology used. Vacuum-based technologies lead to relatively stiff and lower-strength repaired plates, while ultraviolet-curing technologies lead to average stiffness and high strength. High-temperature vacuum curing leads to the highest maximum stress. Hand layup (both vacuum and without vacuum) leads to high post-repair porosity in the adhesive and scarf, while vacuum infusion leads to low porosity. Fatigue lifetime generally follows the trend of porosity. There exist risks of micro-damaging the parent laminate and the formation of residual stresses in the repaired structure. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind energy; wind turbine blades; maintenance; repair wind energy; wind turbine blades; maintenance; repair
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mishnaevsky, L., Jr.; Frost-Jensen Johansen, N.; Fraisse, A.; Fæster, S.; Jensen, T.; Bendixen, B. Technologies of Wind Turbine Blade Repair: Practical Comparison. Energies 2022, 15, 1767. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15051767

AMA Style

Mishnaevsky L Jr., Frost-Jensen Johansen N, Fraisse A, Fæster S, Jensen T, Bendixen B. Technologies of Wind Turbine Blade Repair: Practical Comparison. Energies. 2022; 15(5):1767. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15051767

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mishnaevsky, Leon, Jr., Nicolai Frost-Jensen Johansen, Anthony Fraisse, Søren Fæster, Thomas Jensen, and Brian Bendixen. 2022. "Technologies of Wind Turbine Blade Repair: Practical Comparison" Energies 15, no. 5: 1767. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15051767

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