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Trends in Energy Security Education with a Focus on Renewable and Nonrenewable Sources

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National Security Faculty, War Studies University, 00-910 Warsaw, Poland
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Command and Management Faculty, War Studies University, 00-910 Warsaw, Poland
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Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, 166 29 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lorenzo Ferrari
Energies 2022, 15(4), 1351; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15041351
Received: 4 January 2022 / Revised: 2 February 2022 / Accepted: 8 February 2022 / Published: 13 February 2022
Energy security education explores various issues, such as a secure and competitive economy and nuclear safety. In the context of energy transition and sustainable development, it also addresses the world’s reliance on nonrenewable and renewable energy sources. The aim of this study was to identify research trends pertaining to energy security education, paying particular attention to renewable and nonrenewable sources. This was accomplished with the use of mixed-method research in two steps. The first step was a text-mining and content analysis of publications on energy security education published on the Web of Science platform between 2016 and 2021. From 660 publications on energy security education, titles, abstracts, and keywords were extracted and analysed with NVivo software to identify the most frequent concepts on energy sources in publications. The concepts were associated with nonrenewable energy sources (coal, natural gas, uranium, petroleum, and fossil fuels), nuclear power, and renewable energy sources (hydro, geothermal, solar, tide/wave/ocean, wind, solid biofuels, biogases, liquid biofuels, and renewable municipal waste). The second step was conducting detailed searches with Boolean operators, where “energy security education” was juxtaposed with the distinguished keywords. All searches on energy security education showed that publication activity tended to decrease, while citations increased. The most explored topics concerned: “fossil fuels”, “oil, petroleum”, “renewable” energy, and “solar” energy sources. An increasing trend was observed for all renewable energy sources as well as selected nonrenewable sources: “oil, petroleum”, “nonrenewable”, and “coal”. Additionally, R-squared values were calculated to indicate the fit of the trendline to the model. Due to the technologically enhanced energy transition and didactic innovations, education focussing on energy sources is expected to remain in demand. Curricula will need to be revised in the future to better reflect this reality. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy security education; renewable sources; nonrenewable sources energy security education; renewable sources; nonrenewable sources
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MDPI and ACS Style

Solarz, J.; Gawlik-Kobylińska, M.; Ostant, W.; Maciejewski, P. Trends in Energy Security Education with a Focus on Renewable and Nonrenewable Sources. Energies 2022, 15, 1351. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15041351

AMA Style

Solarz J, Gawlik-Kobylińska M, Ostant W, Maciejewski P. Trends in Energy Security Education with a Focus on Renewable and Nonrenewable Sources. Energies. 2022; 15(4):1351. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15041351

Chicago/Turabian Style

Solarz, Jarosław, Małgorzata Gawlik-Kobylińska, Witold Ostant, and Paweł Maciejewski. 2022. "Trends in Energy Security Education with a Focus on Renewable and Nonrenewable Sources" Energies 15, no. 4: 1351. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15041351

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