In the wireless power transmission (WPT) to electric vehicles (EVs) in parking lots, there is a risk of abnormal heat generation due to the absorption of the magnetic field in metallic foreign objects. Accordingly, currently available products are equipped with a function that automatically halts power transmission when a metallic foreign object is detected. However, if possible, continuing power transmission while suppressing the magnetic field absorption may be an another solution. Therefore, this paper proposes a novel function which enables wireless power transmission with high efficiency while suppressing the magnetic field absorption of metallic foreign objects. In this study, it was assumed that a metallic foreign body was present in an arbitrary point in a two-dimensional plane and the power transmission was conducted by the phased array WPT. An algorithm using particle swarm optimization (PSO) to search for the optimal combination of the phase and amplitude of the coil input voltages together with coil arrangements, in terms of both magnetic field suppression and transmission efficiency, is proposed. The simulation was performed with the lower efficiency boundary set as 85% and the load power set as 11 kW, in reference to the SAE J2954 standard. As a result, it was confirmed that the magnetic field suppression effect increased in accordance with the increase in the number of transmission (Tx) coils, thus indicating the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.
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