Next Article in Journal
The Role of Clean Generation Technologies in the Energy Transformation in Poland
Previous Article in Journal
Recent Studies on the Environmentally Benign Alkaline-Earth Silicide Mg2Si for Middle-Temperature Thermoelectric Applications
 
 
Article

A Comprehensive Energy Model for an Optimal Design of a Hybrid Refrigerated Van

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II 132, 84084 Fisciano, SA, Italy
2
ISTENER Research Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Construction, Campus de Riu Sec s/n, Universitat Jaume I, E-12071 Castelló de la Plana, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pavel A. Strizhak
Energies 2022, 15(13), 4864; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15134864
Received: 3 June 2022 / Revised: 27 June 2022 / Accepted: 28 June 2022 / Published: 2 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Topic Cooling Technologies and Applications)
The path towards decarbonization requires a progressive adaptation of all refrigeration systems, but only stationary ones have been intensely studied to improve their environmental performance. However, refrigerated transport is vital in the cold chain and must be considered in the green transition. In this paper, we propose a model for a hybrid refrigerated van that includes photovoltaic panels and electric batteries to decrease total greenhouse gas emissions from the engine. Thermal, electrical, and battery sub-models are considered and integrated into the comprehensive hybrid solar-powered refrigerated van model. Different technologies are compared, including lithium and lead-acid batteries and three different types of photovoltaic panels. The model was validated regarding van fuel consumption, showing a 4% deviation. Single and multiple delivery scenarios are considered to assess the energy, economic, and environmental benefits. Monthly CO2,e emissions could be reduced by 20% compared to a standard refrigerated van. Despite the environmental benefits provided by this sustainable solution, the payback period is still too long (above 20 years) because of the necessary investment to adapt the vehicle and considering fuel and electricity prices currently. View Full-Text
Keywords: refrigerated transport; photovoltaic panels; electrical batteries; thermal model; cold chain; carbon emissions refrigerated transport; photovoltaic panels; electrical batteries; thermal model; cold chain; carbon emissions
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Maiorino, A.; Mota-Babiloni, A.; Petruzziello, F.; Del Duca, M.G.; Ariano, A.; Aprea, C. A Comprehensive Energy Model for an Optimal Design of a Hybrid Refrigerated Van. Energies 2022, 15, 4864. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15134864

AMA Style

Maiorino A, Mota-Babiloni A, Petruzziello F, Del Duca MG, Ariano A, Aprea C. A Comprehensive Energy Model for an Optimal Design of a Hybrid Refrigerated Van. Energies. 2022; 15(13):4864. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15134864

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maiorino, Angelo, Adrián Mota-Babiloni, Fabio Petruzziello, Manuel Gesù Del Duca, Andrea Ariano, and Ciro Aprea. 2022. "A Comprehensive Energy Model for an Optimal Design of a Hybrid Refrigerated Van" Energies 15, no. 13: 4864. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15134864

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop