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Article

Novel Single-Phase Grid-Tied NPC Five-Level Converter with an Inherent DC-Link Voltage Balancing Strategy for Power Quality Improvement

1
División de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, TNM Instituto Tecnológico de La Laguna, Torreón 27000, Mexico
2
School of Electrical and Information Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, École de Technologie Supérieure (ÉTS), Montreal, QC H3C 1K3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ramkrishan Maheshwari
Energies 2021, 14(9), 2644; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092644
Received: 24 March 2021 / Revised: 17 April 2021 / Accepted: 19 April 2021 / Published: 5 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Control and Modeling of Power Converters and Inverters)
This paper presents a novel single-phase grid-tied neutral-point-clamped (NPC) five-level converter (SPFLC). Unlike the literature on five-level NPC topologies, the proposed one is capable of inherently balancing the voltage of the DC-link split capacitors. For this purpose, a simple Multicarrier Phase Disposition (MPD) Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) technique is used, thus avoiding both complex modifications to the Space Vector Modulation (SVM) and offset voltage injections into the carrier based (CB) PWM, as commonly done in most conventional balancing algorithms. Bearing in mind that the proposed balancing strategy only requires measuring the capacitors’ voltages and the sign of the converter output current, it has a very low complexity. The developed strategy is not only straightforwardly implemented but is also very effective for obtaining symmetrical and undistorted voltage levels from the proposed multilevel converter, as well as for significantly improving the power quality of the SPFLC output voltage and, in turn, of the grid current. The simulation results obtained with MATLAB-SimPowerSystems as well as the experimental results obtained with the prototype built in the laboratory validate the topology of the proposed NPC five-level converter and the voltage balancing strategy, by showing a good performance under step-changes and exhaustive operating test conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: single-phase multilevel converter; NPC topology; grid-tied; capacitor voltage balancing; vector control; power quality single-phase multilevel converter; NPC topology; grid-tied; capacitor voltage balancing; vector control; power quality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lara, J.; Masisi, L.; Hernandez, C.; Arjona, M.A.; Chandra, A. Novel Single-Phase Grid-Tied NPC Five-Level Converter with an Inherent DC-Link Voltage Balancing Strategy for Power Quality Improvement. Energies 2021, 14, 2644. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092644

AMA Style

Lara J, Masisi L, Hernandez C, Arjona MA, Chandra A. Novel Single-Phase Grid-Tied NPC Five-Level Converter with an Inherent DC-Link Voltage Balancing Strategy for Power Quality Improvement. Energies. 2021; 14(9):2644. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092644

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lara, Jorge, Lesedi Masisi, Concepcion Hernandez, Marco A. Arjona, and Ambrish Chandra. 2021. "Novel Single-Phase Grid-Tied NPC Five-Level Converter with an Inherent DC-Link Voltage Balancing Strategy for Power Quality Improvement" Energies 14, no. 9: 2644. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092644

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