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Article

Investigating the Electrical Demand-Side Management Potential of Industrial Steam Supply Systems Using Dynamic Simulation

Institute of Production Management, Technology and Machine Tools, Technical University of Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
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Academic Editor: Patrick Phelan
Energies 2021, 14(6), 1533; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14061533
Received: 11 February 2021 / Revised: 3 March 2021 / Accepted: 8 March 2021 / Published: 10 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Demand Management for Buildings and Industrial Facilities)
The increasing share of volatile, renewable energies, such as wind and solar power, leads to challenges in the stabilization of power grids and requires more flexibility in future energy systems. This article addresses the flexibilization of the consumer side and presents a simulation-based method for the technical and economic investigation of energy flexibility measures in industrial steam supply systems. The marketing of three different energy-flexibility measures—bivalence, inherent energy storage and adjusting process parameters—both at the spot market and at the balancing power market, are investigated from a technical as well as an economic point of view. Furthermore, the simulation-based methodology also considers pressure and temperature fluctuation induced by energy-flexibility measures. First, different energy-flexibility measures for industrial steam supply systems are introduced. Then, the physical modeling of the steam generation, distribution, and consumption as well as measure-specific control strategies will be discussed. Finally, the methodology is applied to a steam supply system of a chemical company. It is shown that the investigated industrial steam supply system shows energy-flexibility potentials up to 10 MW at peak and an annual average of 5.6 MW, which highly depend on consumer behavior and flexibility requirements. View Full-Text
Keywords: demand-side management; power-to-heat; dynamic simulation demand-side management; power-to-heat; dynamic simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Borst, F.; Strobel, N.; Kohne, T.; Weigold, M. Investigating the Electrical Demand-Side Management Potential of Industrial Steam Supply Systems Using Dynamic Simulation. Energies 2021, 14, 1533. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14061533

AMA Style

Borst F, Strobel N, Kohne T, Weigold M. Investigating the Electrical Demand-Side Management Potential of Industrial Steam Supply Systems Using Dynamic Simulation. Energies. 2021; 14(6):1533. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14061533

Chicago/Turabian Style

Borst, Fabian, Nina Strobel, Thomas Kohne, and Matthias Weigold. 2021. "Investigating the Electrical Demand-Side Management Potential of Industrial Steam Supply Systems Using Dynamic Simulation" Energies 14, no. 6: 1533. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14061533

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