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Article

Compact Modelling of Electrical, Optical and Thermal Properties of Multi-Colour Power LEDs Operating on a Common PCB

Department of Marine Electronics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Gdynia Maritime University, Morska 83, 81-225 Gdynia, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tapas Mallick
Energies 2021, 14(5), 1286; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051286
Received: 11 January 2021 / Revised: 17 February 2021 / Accepted: 22 February 2021 / Published: 26 February 2021
This paper concerns the problem of modelling electrical, thermal and optical properties of multi-colour power light-emitting diodes (LEDs) situated on a common PCB (Printed Circuit Board). A new form of electro-thermo-optical model of such power LEDs is proposed in the form of a subcircuit for SPICE (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuits Emphasis). With the use of this model, the currents and voltages of the considered devices, their junction temperature and selected radiometric parameters can be calculated, taking into account self-heating phenomena in each LED and mutual thermal couplings between each pair of the considered devices. The form of the formulated model is described, and a manner of parameter estimation is also proposed. The correctness and usefulness of the proposed model are verified experimentally for six power LEDs emitting light of different colours and mounted on an experimental PCB prepared by the producer of the investigated devices. Verification was performed for the investigated diodes operating alone and together. Good agreement between the results of measurements and computations was obtained. It was also proved that the main thermal and optical parameters of the investigated LEDs depend on a dominant wavelength of the emitted light. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-colour power LEDs; modelling; electro-thermal models; thermal phenomena; SPICE; self-heating; mutual thermal couplings multi-colour power LEDs; modelling; electro-thermal models; thermal phenomena; SPICE; self-heating; mutual thermal couplings
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MDPI and ACS Style

Górecki, K.; Ptak, P. Compact Modelling of Electrical, Optical and Thermal Properties of Multi-Colour Power LEDs Operating on a Common PCB. Energies 2021, 14, 1286. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051286

AMA Style

Górecki K, Ptak P. Compact Modelling of Electrical, Optical and Thermal Properties of Multi-Colour Power LEDs Operating on a Common PCB. Energies. 2021; 14(5):1286. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051286

Chicago/Turabian Style

Górecki, Krzysztof, and Przemysław Ptak. 2021. "Compact Modelling of Electrical, Optical and Thermal Properties of Multi-Colour Power LEDs Operating on a Common PCB" Energies 14, no. 5: 1286. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051286

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